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This profile is tailored towards students studying psychology, however we expect there to be valuable open research questions that could be pursued by students in other disciplines.
Why is this a pressing problem?
Preserving humanity’s future might be one of the most critical moral issues of our time. However, one key bottleneck that limits all efforts trying to address existential risk is highly neglected: human psychology. To date, relatively little research directly addresses the question of how people reason about existential risk and the long-term future. Even though there is little direct research on the question, there is a wealth of relevant findings and theories in psychology, which can be applied to reasoning about existential risks and longtermism. Therefore, this area might be highly tractable. For more information listen to the podcast below on the topic.
Explore existing research
- Stefan Schubert (postdoc in moral psychology/experimental philosophy at LSE)
- Lucius Caviola (postdoc in moral psychology at Harvard University)
- Joshua Lewis (assistant professor in marketing at NYU)
- Maximilian Maier (PhD in cognitive and decision-making psychology at UCL) together with Adam Harris (Associate Professor at UCL)
- Samantha Kassirer (PhD candidate in management & organizations at Kellogg School, Northwestern University)
- Abigail Novick Hoskin (PhD candidate in neuroscience at Princeton)
- Geoffrey Goodwin (Associate Professor at University of Pennsylvania)
- Matthew Coleman (PhD candidate at Northeastern University)
Find a thesis topic
If you’re interested in working on this research direction, below are some ideas on what would be valuable to explore further. If you want help refining your research ideas, apply for our coaching!
Cognitive and decision-making psychology has identified several robust cognitive biases and heuristics (for larger scale replications, see, e.g., work by Gilad Feldman or the experimental economics replication project) with applicability to reasoning about existential risk and longtermism. For example, deliberate ignorance could be studied as a potential mechanism for why people neglect existential risk, interventions against scope insensitivity could be generalised to make people more aware of the scope of the long term future, and existing work on temporal discounting could be applied to understand how people value the long-term future.
Several areas in social psychology have implications for reasoning about existential risks and longtermism. For example, intergenerational public goods games have been used to study how people deplete resources that could be used by future generations, a line of research that can be extended to existential risk; moral psychology has a variety of relevant applications, such as people’s intuitions about population ethics; and climate psychology has identified interventions to increase climate change awareness that could be applied to other existential risks (however, see a recent meta-analysis that suggests effect sizes are small).
The research agenda ‘Psychology for Effectively Improving the Future‘ also suggests many research questions, such as:
- How do people think about risks that could permanently curtail the future of humanity? Do people underestimate or overestimate such risks? Do they underappreciate the importance of mitigating such risks?
- What do people think about emerging technologies that have the potential to cause global catastrophic risks? Are they too optimistic or pessimistic relative to the views of experts? What drives these attitudes?
- What do people think about human extinction and the future of humanity? Do people find human extinction good or bad, and why? Do people find it morally important to safeguard the future of humanity?
Apply for our coaching and we can connect you directly with researchers and potentially mentors who can help you refine your research ideas. You can also apply to join our community if you’re interested in connecting with other students.
Our funding database can help you find potential sources of funding if you’re a PhD student interested in this research direction.
This profile was last updated 26/10/2022. Thanks to Maximilian Maier for creating this profile. Learn more about how we create our profiles.